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May 24, 2020, 12:38 AM
Modern Day Savage
Colorado Free Resistance
Courtesy of our friends at Rally for Our Rights.

[Note: hyperlinks can be found at the linked story website]

Colorado Sheriff and Red Flag Critic Gets ERPO'd by Same Inmate Twice in Two Months \

Posted on April 16, 2020 by Lesley Hollywood

On Februrary 25,2020 one of Colorado’s most outspoken critics of Colorado’s Red Flag ERPO law, Weld County Sheriff Steve Reams, was red flagged using the state’s Extreme Risk Protection Order (ERPO) law – and it was an inmate who has been incarcerated in his jail since 2016 on serious drug trafficking charges who filed it – from jail.

According to a post on Reams’ Facebook page, on April 15, 2020 an Extreme Risk Protection Order petition was filed by inmate Leo Crespin against Sheriff Steve Reams, which is public record. The inmate claims he falls under the law’s extremely broad definition of ‘household or family member’ by marking the box “I regularly reside or have resided with the respondent in the last 6 months”, citing that he lives in Reams’ jail.

In the body of the petition the inmate states that Sheriff Reams arms his S.O.G. officers with 12 gauge shotguns. The Weld County jail S.O.G. (Special Operations Group) is responsible for maintaining order in situations involving enhanced security risk. The “shotguns” they carry are actually devices that fire less-than-lethal projectiles and are only carried by the specialized team of officers.

The petition was immediately dismissed by district court Judge Vicente Vigil.

You can read the petition and the ruling in the images below, but it is along the same lines as the February ERPO that was filed. Read all about that here.
















May 28, 2020, 10:58 PM
Modern Day Savage
[Note: multiple hyperlinks and article comments at linked website]

Greenlee: ‘Safe storage’ gun laws unnecessary and unconstitutional

January 8, 2020 By Joseph Greenlee

Among the measures being considered by Colorado Democrats for the 2020 legislative session is a so-called “safe storage” law requiring that firearms be locked in a safe when not in use. Like many gun control laws, “safe storage” requirements may sound reasonable at first blush, but in practice are unnecessary, counterproductive, and unconstitutional.

Unnecessary

“Safe storage” laws are unnecessary because the firearms community has already accomplished the objective of reducing firearm accidents on its own volition—without burdensome government restrictions. Through safety programs like the National Shooting Sports Foundation’s Project ChildSafe and the NRA’s award-winning Eddie Eagle GunSafe initiative, the firearms community has successfully raised awareness of safe practices and dramatically reduced firearm accidents.

While the number of firearms in America has skyrocketed to an all-time high, the number of accidents has plummeted to an all-time low. Federal data show that the estimated number of civilian-owned firearms in America is 423,000,000. Yet, the most recent statistics from the Centers for Disease Control show that only 486 deaths were caused by accidental discharges in 2017.

These 486 firearm deaths made up only 0.3 percent of all 169,936 accidental deaths. By comparison, there were 64,795 accidental fatal poisonings, 40,231 deaths from motor vehicle accidents, 36,338 deaths from accidental falls, 6,946 deaths from accidental hanging, strangulation, and suffocation, and 3,709 accidental drownings.

While the number of firearms per capita has increased 256 percent since 1948 (from 0.36 guns per person to 1.28), the fatal gun accident rate has decreased 90 percent in that same time (from 1.55 fatal accidents per 100,000 persons to 0.15). And since 1950 (when data first became available for children), the accidental fatality rate for children (ages 0 to 14) has dropped 91 percent (from 1.10 per 100,000 persons to 0.10). For every firearm used in an accidental fatality, roughly 870,370 firearms are not.

Counterproductive

“Safe storage” laws are counterproductive—and misnamed—because they more often endanger than protect gun owners. During a home invasion, every second counts. For example, for an elderly homeowner who must get out of bed, find the light, find her glasses, find the key to her gun safe, open the safe, find the ammunition in the safe, and load her firearm—all while groggy and under the distress of having violent criminals lurking through her home—the additional steps of the storage requirement could be fatal. Especially in a home with no children present, why should a responsible adult have to accept that burden on her chances of survival?

In comparison to the 486 accidents (only a portion of which occur in the home), firearms are used for home defense over 950,000 times per year. “Safe storage” requirements necessarily make it more difficult to defend one’s home by making it more difficult to access a defensive firearm.

Moreover, many would-be home invasions never occur because the invaders are deterred by the possibility of an armed homeowner. Seventy-four percent of felons in a survey agreed that “burglars avoid houses when people are home [because] they fear being shot.” This is an important reason why victims are home in a relatively low 28 percent of burglaries in America. With a “safe storage” law, that deterrent effect is diminished.

A government mandate that all firearms be locked in a safe requires self-regulation by gun owners, as any discovery of a violation would be made only after misuse of the firearm. A more appropriate approach then would be to persuade gun owners that keeping firearms locked in a safe is the best practice. And if that argument cannot be made persuasively, then a mandate to that effect would be misguided anyway.

Unconstitutional

“Safe storage” laws are unconstitutional because they prohibit immediate self-defense in the home. In 2008, the Supreme Court struck down a law requiring that firearms be kept inoperable in the home, because it “makes it impossible for citizens to use them for the core lawful purpose of self-defense and is hence unconstitutional.” A “safe storage” law is another “prohibition against rendering any lawful firearm in the home operable for the purpose of immediate self-defense,” and is unconstitutional for the same reason.

Moreover, the Supreme Court has placed strict limitations on the government’s ability to regulate private conduct within the home. For example, the sanctity of the home prevents government from criminalizing the in-home possession of obscene materials (Stanley v. Georgia), homosexual conduct within the home (Lawrence v. Texas), and the use of contraception (Griswold v. Connecticut).

Indeed, the Supreme Court has acknowledged that the Constitution provides “protection against all governmental invasions of the sanctity of a man’s home and the privacies of life.” How Americans decide to store their arms inside their homes is therefore layers of constitutional protection beyond the reach of government.

Joseph Greenlee is an attorney in Steamboat Springs, Director of Research for the Firearms Policy Coalition, and a Policy Advisor for Legal Affairs at the Heartland Institute.
May 28, 2020, 11:18 PM
Modern Day Savage
Despite a $3.5 billion state budget shortfall debate, it looks like the recently re-convened legislature has made the time to pursue gun control legislation.Apparently gun control is high enough on their agenda to hold an uncommon Saturday hearing on the proposed gun bills , so it looks like they are going to return to their earlier frantic pace of slamming bills through the legislature before the November elections.

UPDATE: Due to last night's Antifa riot, as well as their protests planned for this weekend, the legislature has changed their plans and will not be in session today or Saturday.

[note: hyperlinks at linked website article]

Gun storage mandate, loss/theft reporting bills up for legislative action in Saturday session

May 28, 2020 By Scott Weiser

DENVER–After a long delay thanks to the COVID-19 virus, the Democrat-controlled Colorado legislature is back at work.

In an unusual Saturday session the House State, Veterans and Military Affairs Committee will act on two gun-related bills in the Old State Library, room 271 in the Capitol upon adjournment of the House floor session.

House Bill 20-1355 makes it a crime to not store a firearm in such a way that juveniles cannot access or use the firearm without permission of the parent or guardian. It also makes it a crime to store a firearm in a manner that allows a person ineligible to possess a firearm under state or federal law to do so. There is no exception for such persons to lawfully possess a firearm in a self-defense situation as there is regarding juvenile possession of a firearm, something the bill explicitly authorizes.

Additionally, it requires a licensed gun dealer to provide a “locking device capable of securing the firearm” each time the firearm is “sold or otherwise transferred.” Failing to do so is an “unclassified misdemeanor punishable by a maximum $500 fine.”

The bill also requires the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment “to develop and implement a firearms storage education campaign to educate the public about the safe storage of firearms and state requirements related to firearms safety and storage.”

House Bill 20-1356 makes it a crime to fail to report loss or theft of a firearm within 48 hours after the loss or theft is discovered. The bill makes it a “petty offense punishable by a twenty-five dollar fine and a second or subsequent offense is a class 3 misdemeanor.”

The bill fails to address Fifth Amendment self-incrimination issues that protect gun owners from being compelled to incriminate themselves if they miss the 48 hour deadline for reporting.

This is the first hearing for both bills.

Public testimony will be taken both in person at the hearing and may also be submitted in writing through a new portal on the general assembly’s website. Interested persons may sign up to speak in person at the hearing on the same link above.

Written testimony may be submitted at any time, including during the hearing, up to the end of the committee hearing in order to be made part of the public record. Testimony submitted after the hearing is adjourned will not be included in the public record.

No remote testimony will be taken, and all members of the committee are required to be in the room. Recently passed resolutions authorizing remote participation by legislators for other matters do not include public hearings by committees of reference.

This message has been edited. Last edited by: Modern Day Savage,
May 28, 2020, 11:43 PM
Modern Day Savage
Much as I'd like to attend and testify at the Saturday hearing , I won't be able to. It would be helpful if there was a public presence in opposition to these bills.

Due to the pandemic, the legislature has modified the 2020 hearing rules and is allowing both in person testimony as well allowing written statements to be entered into the public record.

Those that are unable to attend, please consider taking the time to make a written statement in opposition to the proposed "Safe Storage" and "Stolen Firearms" bills.

https://leg.colorado.gov/testimony

NOTE: There are Antifa protests scheduled over the next 3 days in both Denver and Colorado Springs. Shots reportedly fired during the state capitol protest this evening and riot police currently in contact with protesters.

For those who may plan on attending the hearing Saturday please plan accordingly.


UPDATE: Due to last night's Antifa riot, as well as their protests planned for this weekend, the legislature has changed their plans and will not be in session today or Saturday.

This message has been edited. Last edited by: Modern Day Savage,
June 04, 2020, 12:10 AM
Modern Day Savage
After first having a TERPO granted in January, this individual had an ERPO granted recently, which greatly exceeds the allotted time under the law...however the pandemic is the reason given for the delay. In this instance the individual apparently didn't own any firearms or ammo, and the order was granted based, at least partially, on text messages.

[Note: an embedded video of the booking process and hyperlinks can be found at the linked article]

===============

Red flag petition granted for Larimer County man accused of threatening mass shooting

Fort Collins ColoradoanPublished 4:12 p.m. MT May 28, 2020

Larimer County's first red flag petition has been granted against a man accused of threatening in text messages to commit mass shootings.

The red flag petition, also called an extreme risk protection order, was granted for David Gatton, 32, after the judge reviewed text messages Gatton allegedly sent to his father that threatened a mass shooting.

Gatton is currently in custody at the Larimer County Jail awaiting criminal proceedings for a pending case relating to these allegations, and he has a separate mental health case pending in Larimer County courts. The extreme risk protection order hearing has been delayed a few times due to the coronavirus outbreak.

Eighth Judicial District Judge Stephen Jouard approved a permanent extreme risk protection order for Gatton on Wednesday after approving a temporary order in January. Jouard said there is “clear and convincing evidence” that Gatton is a threat.

“Mr. Gatton has made credible threats of violence that are well documented in text messages,” Jouard said. “... Mr. Gatton is a danger to at least himself, if not to others.”

Larimer County Sheriff’s Office Investigator Stephen Pastecki briefly testified in Wednesday’s hearing about the text messages between Gatton and his adoptive father in January and March 2019.

In the texts — which Gatton admitted to sending — he said he was struggling to find work and that if his adoptive parents didn't stop asking him to pay back money he owed them, he would enact his “master plan” to "kill a lot of people."

The plan included Gatton doing something to get arrested, purchase two handguns after he’s released from jail, then become a “serial campus shooter” by committing mass shootings at two campuses. His texts did not name any specific schools as part of his plan, according to arrest documents.

Jouard also said Gatton’s clear statement that he planned to purchase firearms also justified the issuance of an extreme risk protection order.

Larimer County attorney David Ayraud said, in addition to Gatton’s pending mental health case, he was also previously placed on a three-day mental health hold, in Michigan in 2017. Pastecki said when he interviewed Gatton on March 18, 2019, after his arrest, Pastecki had concerns that Gatton was suffering from a mental condition.

Gatton’s attorney Sarah Cure argued Gatton’s statements were not credible threats. He has no history of physical violence, does not currently own a firearm and completely cooperated with law enforcement, allowing them to search his house, Cure said.

During the search of Gatton's house, investigators did not find a firearm, ammunition or any evidence of planning for a mass shooting, Pastecki said.

Ayraud attempted to call Gatton as a witness in this civil case hearing, but Cure and Gatton’s criminal defense attorney, Kathryn Hay, objected. They both argued the details of this civil case intertwine too much with the criminal case for Gatton to be able to answer any questions.

“This is a civil proceeding now infringing on his rights in the criminal case,” Hay told Jouard.

Cure, after saying Gatton would “plead the Fifth” Amendment, allowing him to remain silent when asked questions that could be incriminating, also claimed Gatton may not be competent to testify in the civil case.

After briefly closing the courtroom to the public to discuss Gatton’s mental health case, Jouard said he would take notice of Gatton’s mental health case file.

Cure said Gatton invoked his right to remain silent to any questions asked of him in the hearing.

In his ruling, Jouard also ordered Gatton be sent to the Colorado Mental Health Institution in Pueblo for evaluation.

Ayraud said doctors who have conducted previous mental health evaluations on Gatton have diagnosed him with several mental conditions. One doctor’s report said Gatton has “lethal impulses” and is prone to violence.

“We put all these together, and this is exactly why the extreme risk protection order was implemented,” Ayraud said.

All suspects are presumed innocent until proven guilty in court. Arrests and charges are merely accusations by law enforcement until, and unless, a suspect is convicted of a crime.

Sady Swanson covers crime, courts, public safety and more throughout Northern Colorado. You can send your story ideas to her at sswanson@coloradoan.com or on Twitter at @sadyswan
June 04, 2020, 12:30 AM
Modern Day Savage
I'm happy to report a little good news for a change of pace.

Both HB20-1355 Secure Storage of Firearms and HB20-1356 Lost or Stolen Firearms bills were referred to the House Committee on State, Veterans, & Military Affairs and Postponed Indefinitely.

I'm not certain what events took place to make this happen...but I'd guess the legislature has set their eyes on bigger agenda items in the remaining time left in the session, or maybe they figure they have done enough damage for this session and their reputation has taken enough of a hit...but either way I'll take it.

You can be certain that they will back to take another shot at these bills in the future.
June 22, 2020, 03:01 AM
Modern Day Savage
Dan May is the Republican 4th Judicial District Attorney for Teller and El Paso counties. His reputation is as a law and order tough on crime DA, with both a Conservative and Christian leaning. He is a 2A and concealed carry supporter. He is term-limited and will be stepping down shortly.

In a recent radio interview DA May discussed SB20-217 Enhance Law Enforcement Integrity, and explained that while the bill has some good provisions in it, it was rammed through so quickly, and amended multiple times, that it contains many clerical errors, conflicting provisions, not to mention outright bad provisions and negative impacts. One of his several concerns about the bill, recently signed into law, is that the law now requires law enforcement to first retreat before using force, including lethal force.

Per state self defense statutes, Colorado is currently a Stand your Ground state, however his concern is that by now forcing LE to first retreat before using force, by logical extension, it will set the precedent for changing Colorado self defense statutes to Duty to Retreat for non-LE and CHP holders.

Duty to Retreat is a significant burden for both LE and non-LE when circumstances require use of force to defend themselves or others...this would be a real game changer, both legally speaking and defensive tactics wise.

I find this particular talk show host virtually unlistenable, and I wish I could find another way to post the interview or at least edit out the host's portion of the interview...but for those who want to hear DA Dan Mays comments on the bill and his concerns, you will simply have to suffer through it. In my opinion, his comments on the law are worth considering.

To listen to the 22 minute long interview click on the link, select the 6-18-20 interview, and jump to the 28:30 mark.

Richard Randall Show
June 29, 2020, 03:34 PM
Modern Day Savage
Well...damn. I had read an article in the last year or two that indicated that, should the Colorado Supreme Court rule against for the ban, that this lawsuit could be heard by SCOTUS...but according to this article, apparently not.

Local news is giving this ruling plenty of air time, and pointing out that while "parts kits" are commonplace, this ruling doesn't address them...which I interpret as their effort to push for legislation on this in the future.

[note: there is a hyperlink to the ruling in the linked website article, but I haven't had time to read it.]

===============

Colorado Supreme Court upholds 2013 large-capacity gun magazine ban as constitutional

By: Blair Miller
Posted at 10:34 AM, Jun 29, 2020 and last updated 12:10 PM, Jun 29, 2020

DENVER – The Colorado Supreme Court upheld the state’s ban on large-capacity gun magazines as constitutional in a ruling issued Monday nearly seven years after the law passed in the wake of the Aurora theater shooting.

“The legislation is a reasonable exercise of the police power that has neither the purpose nor effect of nullifying the right to bear arms in self-defense. Accordingly, the court affirms the judgment of the court of appeals,” Justice Monica M. Márquez wrote in the opinion.

Rocky Mountain Gun Owners and other gun advocates in 2016 sued over the law, which banned gun magazines that hold more than 15 rounds, in 2016, arguing that Coloradans’ constitutional right to bear arms was violated by the magazine ban contained in House Bill 13-1224, which was passed by lawmakers and signed by then-Gov. John Hickenlooper in 2013.

The law, and others related to guns in Colorado, were passed after the 2012 Aurora theater shooting, in which the shooter used a large-capacity magazine and killed 12 people.

But RMGO challenged the law under Article II, Section 13 of the Colorado Constitution rather than the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, meaning that the Colorado Supreme Court’s ruling cannot be appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court.

The attorneys for the gun groups had argued that the law could be construed to “ban practically all detachable magazines,” as Márquez wrote. About half of the state’s sheriffs had filed briefs in support of overturning the ban, though law enforcement agencies are exempt from the law.

But she wrote in the court’s opinion, “We disagree. We conclude that Plaintiff’s interpretation of the definition of ‘large-capacity magazine’ is inconsistent with the provision’s plain text because it ignores the narrowing language, ‘designed to be readily converted to accept[] more than fifteen rounds of ammunition.”

“Because Plaintiffs do not challenge HB 1224 under the Second Amendment, we do not address whether the legislation runs afoul of the federal constitution. That separate question is simply not before us,” the court wrote.

Colorado Attorney General Phil Weiser said he was “pleased” by the court’s decision.

“The large-capacity magazine law will decrease the deadly impacts of mass shootings by reducing the number of people who will be shot during a mass shooting incident, and it will save lives,” Weiser said in a statement. “It also honors Coloradans’ right to bear arms for personal defense. Today’s ruling is a win for public safety and for the rule of law.”

A district court and the Colorado Court of Appeals both previously found that the law was constitutional, so the Supreme Court’s ruling upheld the court of appeals’ ruling.

“I’m encouraged to see the Supreme Court uphold the 2013 large capacity magazine ban,” said Rep. Tom Sullivan, D-Centennial, whose son was killed in the Aurora shooting. “Gun violence has ravaged our state and our nation, and I came to the legislature to work to put an end to it. Large capacity magazines like the 100 round drum that was used on the night my son Alex was murdered can cause devastating carnage and have absolutely no place on our streets. I’ll keep working day in and day out to fight the epidemic of gun violence.”

An email requesting comment from Rocky Mountain Gun Owners was not immediately returned Monday.

This is a developing story and will be updated.

Edited: Goofed up. Opening sentence should have read "if the Supreme Court ruled for the ban that it was possible that the case might advance to SCOTUS. Corrected.

This message has been edited. Last edited by: Modern Day Savage,
June 29, 2020, 11:18 PM
Gun_Enthusiast
quote:
Originally posted by Modern Day Savage:
Well...damn.


Sigh. This is disappointing. Not surprising, mind you, just very disappointing. From what I understand, the opposition was well argued.